Early excavations and researches

After the Sassanian sack, the city was resettled but not as in her prime times. Literary sources show that Zeugma was the seat of a bishop for several centuries. Unfortunately we still have very meagre archaeological information concerning the late antique period of the city. The first comprehensive study of the site was published by J. Wagner in 1976. Although Wagner’s work took into account all available archaeological evidence at that time, a great deal of material has been discovered since. In 1987, the Gaziantep Museum carried out excavations in the south eastern necropolis, uncovering rock-cut tomb chambers that have remained mostly unpublished. In 1992-1994, the Gaziantep Museum and the University of Western Australia jointly undertook excavations at the site. In addition to work at Seleucia, excavations have also been undertaken, especially at Apamea, by the University of Nantes (France)from 1995 onwards. Most of the material, however, was discovered during extensive rescue excavations sponsored by the Packard Humanities Institute in 2000. These excavations were conducted under rather difficult circumstances, since, with construction of the dam, all of Apamea and part of Seleuceia were about to be flooded. Several Roman residential complexes were excavated, and the mosaics and frescoes found in them were relocated to the Gaziantep Museum.